It is a rarity to be one of the oldest car manufacturers in America. Buick is a pioneer of domestic automobiles and continues to maintain its status in the initial level affluent car arena. The automaker that brought us the Rendezvous Crossover and Terrazza in the new millennium has a long history of producing quality automobiles. Buick’s past began long before the Roadmaster Skylark of the 1950’s and the trendy Y-Job of the 1930’s.
The Beginning of Buick Motors
David Dunbar Buick from Scotland was the originator of the Buick Motor Company that started in 1903 in Detroit, Michigan. He built his first prototype, Model B, in 1904 with a 2 -cylinder engine. The corporation had many financial problems and the creator of the motor company, David Buick, left. The whole enterprise was moved to Flint, Michigan and ran by William C. Durant (Durant was involved in Chevrolet history as well as in General Motors history) 1904. Durant would later make a large impact on the American automotive industry. Buick Motors is recognized for being an important catalyst in the evolution of the car industry in the United States.
In 1904, thirty-seven Model B Touring Cars were manufactured at the Flint plant. The cars’ engines were a great innovation due to their overhead-value cylinder design. In 1907, Buick sold its first 4 -cylinder engine- Model D. The Model F appeared later and provided a gentler ride than other cars in its class.
General Motors-Buick Connection
William C. Durant used his profits from the success of Buick Motors to purchase other car manufacturer companies and collectively call them General Motors (GM). In 1914, Durant started an interesting marketing technique – to promote each car brand to a different type of buyer. Buick was placed at the top of the GM brand on account of their 6 -cylinder engine and upper class distinction.
1930’s & 40’s
These two decades saw growth in Buick automobiles and interesting highlights. The Series 50 automobiles of model year 1931 had two firsts: an 8-cylinder engine and an overhead-value inline engine. The Buick Century was 5 years later and boasted sales figures of over 28,000 units. In the late 1930’s, Buick was the first car company to have turn signals. The 1940’s had a new product the Buick Super which had 125 bhp and the introduction of portholes located on all Buick fenders.
The 1950’s and Beyond
The fifties had the Electra 225 that became popular because it was a 3-body styled car and had a V8 engine. The 1960’s would be a decade that had many innovations like the Riviera. In the coming years Buick would have many car models including the Reatta of the eighties and The Park Avenue of the nineties.
Buick in the future will continue to build on its rich heritage of quality automobiles and Buick history is by no means over. This General Motors brand is known worldwide for continuing to provide luxury cars that combine speed and durability.